Mark posts with this category that are designated as news.

Journaling through the heat wave

Naturalist and writer Bruce Fellman describes his experience on Saturday, August 4 at a RIWPS walk.  Journaling through the heat wave begins …

“Earlier this year, I wrote about what promised to be a splendid, four-part series of walks called Plants and Their Places that was sponsored by the Rhode Island Wild Plant Society, a truly wonderful organization dedicated to the “appreciation, protection, and study of our native plants and habitats.”

In the write-up, trek leader and botanist Doug McGrady proposed introducing flora aficionados to his favorite locales and the green things they supported, with investigations of intriguing areas in North Stonington, Conn.; Arcadia and Scituate in Rhode Island; and, most recently, the superb 2,000 or so acre Tillinghast Pond Management Area in West Greenwich.

“I wanted to attract both experienced botanists and newcomers alike—to help them share what they love and find something new,” said McGrady.

I instantly intended to go on all the walks…” Read the rest of the article at Southern Rhode Island Newspapers.

native plant sales

Help. Donated Native Plant Project Needs a New Home

Donated native plants are an important part of the success story behind both our May, Early Bloomer & Spring Ephemeral Plant Sale and our June, Best Native Plant Sale in Rhode Island.  In early Spring, RIWPS members and friends (with our help, should they wish) dig and divide their native plants which we pot and grow for our sales.

For the past 4 years or so, Sandra Thompson and Nancy Weiss-Fried have collected many of these donated plants and potted them in Sandra’s garage, watering and nurturing them in her driveway. An impressive sight!

Sandra is moving and will not have space at her new home for this undertaking. We are seeking someone who might be willing to carry on. We can supply soil and provide a homemade potting table with multiple stations as well as a potting crew.

Might you be interested or have suggestions  for a location where we could continue our potting program?

Please contact Sandra if you have questions, suggestions and of course, if you would like to be part of the donated native plant project. We guarantee that you will become very familiar with many of the wonderful native plants that grow in RI.

And just how many native plants were bought at RIWPS June Plant Sale?

IMG_18253,200 MORE NATIVE PLANT IN THE LANDSCAPE!

Rhode Island gardeners really get it.  Planting native plants helps restore the natural environment, creating more favorable conditions to maintain and increase the native bird, butterfly and other insect populations that depend on native plant communities. Gardeners showed up in droves early Saturday morning, June 4th with wagons, boxes and a variety of tote bags to do some serious shopping and learn about the benefits of growing native plants.

If you didn’t attend this annual June native plant sale, you missed a super opportunity to pick wild plants from a vast collection of perennials, trees and shrubs native to Rhode Island, New England and Eastern North America prior to colonial settlement.  Many plants at this sale (and at our earlier May sale), such as milkweed, Virginia bluebells, ferns, trumpet vine and foamflower sold out very early. Plants list by category – first by latin name and then by common name

Over 100 RIWPS volunteers shared their love and enthusiasm for our wild flora with a crowd eager to “Grow  Native”.  We especially welcomed those who either volunteered and who donated plants from their garden for the first time.  Our sale continues to grow every year providing additional funds to further our mission of protecting our native plants and their habitat.

Volunteers in our Seed Starters groups have gotten so motivated that they are organizing to propagate natives in their home landscapes to provide for future sales. We have already begun to start cuttings and seeding for upcoming sales.

To all our volunteers and those who purchased plants, thank you for supporting this big event.  Enjoy growing your wild plants.  Pictures from our June Sale.

This is a year round project and if you are feeling the spirit and desire to grow native, you can sign up to help at plantsales@riwps.org.  It’s a great way to learn about our native plants and how to grow them.

 See you next Spring!
From Sandra Thompson and Linda McDaniel, Co Chairs of Best Native Plant Sale in Rhode Island, June 2016

R.I. volunteers work to rescue and preserve native plant species

By Liz Klinkenberg, Providence Journal
Special to The Journal
Posted May 28, 2016 at 12:01 am
Updated May 28, 2016 at 6:10 am

EAST GREENWICH, R.I. — When you pull into Sandra Thompson’s driveway, you can see firsthand how committed she is to promoting wild plants in Rhode Island. The pots, flats and trays line the circular drive, and curl around the walkway to the front door and back around to the garage where they stand five rows deep in front of the gas grill and garage bays.

“We have more than 300 plantings right here,” said Thompson, as she surveyed her East Greenwich yard. “And this is just my house — we have more than a hundred volunteers.”

Thompson is the co-chairwoman of the Rhode Island Wild Plant Society’s annual plant sales, held at the URI East Farm in South Kingstown. While an early-season sale took place this month, the group is busy preparing for its biggest event, which it calls “the Best Native Plant Sale in Rhode Island.”

The sale, scheduled for Saturday, June 4, at 9 a.m., has more than 3,000 shrubs, trees, vines and perennials available — all grown locally and suited to Rhode Island gardens.

“We have an army of volunteers who seed, propagate and rescue native species,” said Thompson, now in her 10th year volunteering with the sale. “In February and March, we begin to dig things up just as the plants start to come alive so we can get them into pots and they can begin to get established.”

Native honeysuckle vines, wild geranium and bloodroot are packed in rows with Christmas, Cinnamon and Ostrich Ferns. Little bluets, or houstonia caerulea, promise a sea of small, blue blooms throughout the entire month of May.

Solomon’s Seal, or polygonatum, a native plant seen on the East Coast from New Brunswick to Florida, produces long, graceful stems with dark green leaves with a series of white bells hanging below.

“Part of our mission is preservation,” said Thompson. “I’ve propagated liatris scariosa variety nova englais, or northern blazing star, because they’re not doing very well here anymore. It is a tall plant with a fuzzy, purple-y, pin cushion on top.”

Thompson said its last known wild area, on Block Island, was wiped out during a storm a few years ago.

“It’s beautiful. You would hate to see it disappear.”

According to Anne Raver, a Rhode Island Wild Plant Society volunteer and avid gardener, that’s an important message to hit home.

“Gardeners can slow the rate of extinction by planting natives in their yards,” said Raver. “It’s not only the plant species that is protected, but the insects and birds that rely on them.”

For Wild Plant Society member Judy Ireland, it’s more about achieving a balance in her sanctuary than keeping to a strict code.

“I’m not a purist,” said Ireland. “But I do love living in the woods.”

Ireland spent many summers in the Maine woods with her father and draws her inspiration from those early memories. She moved to Rhode Island in the ’80s and joined the Wild Plant Society.

“When we first moved here, this yard was a flat lot with a vegetable garden in one corner,” said Ireland, as she looked over her wooded oasis in the middle of a North Kingstown subdivision. “But if you want native, you can create it.”

For a water feature, Ireland gathered large stones from a neighbor and had them placed in a very natural way. “There’s a liner, but you don’t see it. It’s all very heavily planted and we’ve done away with the fine edging and mulch. The end result is very natural looking.”

Ireland’s backyard woodland is a tranquil step into nature. The garden is alive with the sounds of birds, bugs, toads, titmouse, barred owls and chipmunks. “We’ve even had a great egret here,” she said.

The pond is surrounded by marsh marigolds, violets and aster.

“The loveliness of native plants is that they provide beauty across the whole season,” said Ireland. “You start with the tiny ephemerals, anemones and the red, native columbine, and then that leads into the blue bells. When they are at their height, they are a beautiful, dramatic blue cover surrounding the pond. It speaks to me. Everyone has to let a garden speak to them.”

Trained as a landscape architect, Ireland focuses on textures, planting levels and rooms. “Natives work well with exotics,” said Ireland. “Once you start looking, you can see all the textures and surprises.

I like a variety of areas for plants,” she said. “You go from a wild area and then step up into a more refined space. It is still native, but it has a different feel. When you step down into the mowed grass, it can surround you. It is full sun, surrounded by ferns, woodland azaleas that are sweeter smelling and huge Heuchera coral bell called autumn bride — that’s not a native, but in the fall it produces a spike with little flowers that just lights up the whole area.”

A path made of slate and rounds from tree trunks lead the way from the pond to the sunken garden, to the woods and then to a more formal area with a stone bench, mown grass and statuary. The path is lined with jack-in-the-pulpit, foxglove, wild ginger and violets. Ferns unfurl through sweet woodruff. “With the interplay of light, it looks like a painting.”

Find more information about sale, which runs June 4 from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m., rain or shine, and the Wild Plant Society at riwps.org.

 — Liz Klinkenberg is a freelance writer who lives in Warwick. She can be reached at rifeedsri@gmail.com.

Plant Society Volunteers Go Wild Potting for Plant Sale

By TODD McLEISH/ecoRI News contributor
ecoRI, May 12, 2016

Tysh McGrail describes her 28 acres in North Scituate, R.I., as Yankee swampland with numerous microclimates, a place where a variety of plants native to Rhode Island wetlands grow and thrive. Jack-in-the-pulpit, a long-lived perennial wildflower with a unique hooded shape, grows in abundance, as does the tall, spiked turtlehead, which provides late-season color.

Both species are in great demand among gardeners seeking to landscape with native plants. So every year, McGrail digs up a few dozen, puts them in pots and donates them to the Rhode Island Wild Plant Society’s annual native plant sale. This year’s sale is set for June 4 from 9 a.m.-1 p.m. at the University of Rhode Island’s East Farm in Kingston. About 3,000 plants and shrubs will be available.

“I’m just capitalizing on what is already an ideal environment for these plants and helping out the Wild Plant Society,” said McGrail, a landscape designer whose business, Woodscapes Inc., specializes in finding ways to incorporate native plants into residential landscapes.

One of her personal favorites in her yard is the pagoda dogwood, with branches that extend to the ground and which is difficult to find in nurseries. She said it’s “a handsome architectural understory tree with a lot of uses in small gardens. We had some on the property when we built our house, and they’ve been making beautiful babies.”

She donates many of those babies to the plant sale, too, along with tulip trees and other specimens.

But she’s not the only one. More than 30 Rhode Islanders donate native plants from their gardens to the sale each year, and a similar number grow plants from seed or propagate shrubs to benefit the society.

Dick Fisher, for instance, collects seeds every autumn from the bayberry, winterberry, beach plum and red twig dogwoods in his Little Compton yard to cultivate for the sale. He soaks the seeds in water and cleans them, then stores them in damp peat moss in his refrigerator for the winter before planting them in pots in March. It takes a year or two before they grow tall enough for the sale, so he always has large quantities of shrubs in various stages of growth.

“It’s our avocation; it’s fun; it’s part of what we do,” said Fisher, who expects to donate 75 shrubs to the Wild Plant Society sale this year. “It allows us to garden year-round. We never have to quit.”

According to Sandra Thompson, who co-chairs the plant sale, native plants are increasingly in demand as gardeners recognize the important role they play in the natural environment. Native plants provide food and habitat for a wide range of native birds, insects and other wildlife. Few exotic plants provide similar benefits. News coverage of the decline of bees and other pollinators also has motivated gardeners to plant natives to boost the population of pollinators in the area.

Thompson said trillium and jack-in-the-pulpit are especially big sellers at the sale, as is bloodroot, cardinal flower and New England aster.

Many of the herbaceous flowers that will be sold at the upcoming sale were started from seed by a group of about 20 gardeners, including Thompson and Fisher’s wife, Marty, who call themselves Seed Starters East. Working out of a greenhouse at Plane View Nursery in Portsmouth, they have been busy for several months potting and repotting delicate seedlings of Canada lily, blood-root, trillium, lady’s slipper, lupine and many other varieties.

Thompson said all have been carefully tended into sturdy, disease-free plants for the sale. And because the seeds were gathered locally, they are genetically adapted to thrive in local conditions.

Since many gardeners aren’t used to planting native flowers and shrubs, the Wild Plant Society will have experts available at the June 4 sale to explain the specific needs of each plant.

“Native plants are underused, so to some gardeners they’re almost an exotic,” McGrail said. “It’s great to see that we’re having a revival of the special plants that belong here.”

Rhode Island resident and author Todd McLeish runs a wildlife blog.

Karen Asher trains RIWPS volunteers for the June 4 plant sale

Karen Asher, who grew up in the Bronx, never gardened until she and her husband, Ira, bought their first house in Kingston 40 years ago. “I looked out at the yard and said, ‘What am I supposed to do with that?’” she told a group of wild plant lovers gathered at the North Kingstown Library last Saturday.

The completely self-taught gardener then launched into a fascinating talk, with luscious images of dozens of favorite natives in her sprawling woodland garden, which rolls down to the edge of Barbers Pond in West Kingston. (Ira always dreamed of fishing for trout, so the couple moved about 14 years ago, to nine acres along the pond.)

“See the fuzz on this fiddlehead?” asked Karen, a past president of RIWPS, flashing an image of Osmundrastrum cinnamomeum (cinnamon fern) unfurling its first frond. “Hummingbirds make nests out of the fuzz. I’ve watched them carry it off.”

A popular speaker, who also teaches about native plants at URI, Karen was coaching a team Rhode Island Wild Plant Society gardeners who will be selling hundreds of different kinds of native plants, all grown by RIWPS seed starters and propagators on June 4. More than 3,000 plants will be for sale at URI East Farm, from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. in South Kingston.

“Ask them what kind of garden they have,” she suggested. “Use the common names of the plants and tell something about them. Don’t overwhelm them with the Latin names, which can be alienating to beginners. Like we’re part of a special group and you’re not.” (Amen! Learn the Latin names as you go along, falling in love with the plants.)

Why garden with natives anyway, a newcomer might ask. Karen offered some of the most basic reasons, in her informal conversational style. “If you want butterflies and pollinators and birds in your garden, they – how shall I say this – grew up with these native plants, so they know them, they prefer them to the nonnatives in your garden.”

But please, don’t tell interested gardeners, new to the world of native plants, to rip out their beloved Japanese maples and azaleas. “I’m not a purist. I have plants from all over the world in my garden.” Asian rhododendrons, stewartias, hostas, lilacs and peonies, Korean spicebush viburnum, yellow wax-bells, to name a few – all mixed in with a mind-boggling number of natives, which after all, serve a crucial role.

“The wild places are disappearing,” Karen reminded us. “Shopping malls, houses, parking lots. It’s unfortunate, but kind of inevitable, I’m afraid.”She opened her hands outward, and looked at her audience.  “But if we all plant some natives in our gardens, and if our neighbors plant natives, and then we all plant more…” Her arms kept opening wider. “And more and more people plant natives. Then all together, we can make a difference.”And this isn’t exactly some terrible sacrifice.

“I happen to think native plants are very beautiful.” Native plants also lend a regional feel to our landscape. Karen Asher knows she’s in New England, when she walks among her oaks and mountain laurels, partridgeberry and high bush blueberry. “If I see saguaro cactus and mesquite, I know I’m in the Southwest.” And another thing, she says, with a touch of her Bronx humor. “I’m lazy. Why fight with plants that don’t want to live here? I don’t want to fertilize and spray. I want to have plants that want to be here.”

We stared at an image of Lindera benzoin (northern spicebush), whose greenish-yellow flowers are a lovely alternative to forsythia. Plant it beneath an oak tree, Karen counseled, “because it blooms early, before the oaks leaf out.”Spicebush is also a host plant for the spicebush swallowtail butterfly, she said.

 Asclepias tuberosa (butterfly milkweed), which thrives in sandy soil and hot sun, and festoons itself with clusters of bright orange flowers, is nearly as endangered as the Monarch butterfly, which lays its eggs on the whorled leaves. The yellow and black striped caterpillars feed on the leaves, which contain compounds toxic to birds. (And over the millennia, the birds have learned to avoid them!)“Then they pupate and turn into butterflies, which are just as toxic to the birds, so they don’t get eaten,” said Karen. It’s such a good defense mechanism, other butterflies, like the viceroy, which is quite palatable to birds, have evolved with the same pattern. “They pretend to be monarchs,” said Karen, hunching her shoulders and looking up at the sky. “Don’t eat me! See? I’m a monarch!” But seriously, “if you only plant one native, plant butterfly weed, the monarchs need our help desperately.”

Geranium maculatum (spotted crane’s-bill), with its lobed leaves and single-petaled bluish-purple flowers, spreads readily in moist, sunny conditions. “The seed actually moves along the ground looking for a moist depression,” said Karen.

Rhododendron prinophyllum (early azalea), also known as the roseshell azalea, is a deciduous species that opens its bright pink, fragrant flowers early in the season. It will propagate itself by dropping its seeds into moss growing on acid soil.

Karen recalled her first days in the garden, when she went to a wild plant lecture by Judy Ireland, a landscape architect and longtime member of RIWPS.“Everything she said made sense to me,” she said. Then, she started to go on the botanical walks that RIWPS offers (RIWPS.org), throughout the seasons, all over the state.“I noticed where things were growing – on a slope, or by the water – and then I’d try to replicate those conditions in my garden.”

 

RIWPS Record breaking sales of Spring Ephemerals!

RIWPS sold more than 700 native plants last Saturday, May 14, at URI East Farm spring festival, in South Kingstown. The warm, sunny morning brought out crowds of eager gardeners, who queued up early to find beautifully-grown specimens of Geranium maculatum (wild geranium), Aquilegia canadensis (red columbine), Trillium erectum (red trillium), Sanguinaria canadensis (blood-root), and hearty natives of the coastal plain, including Vaccinium angustifolium (low-bush blueberry) and Rosa virginiana (Virginia rose), which thrive in sunny, dry sandy gardens.

These early bloomers are just a tantalizing preview to RIWPS’ June 4 sale, also at URI East Farm, Route 108, South Kingstown, 9 a.m. to 1 p.m, rain or shine.

More than 3,000 shrubs, trees, vines and perennials, all locally grown and suited to Rhode Island gardens – sun, shade, dry or wet – will be for sale. To name a few: Hamamelis virginiana (American witch-hazel), Benthamidia florida (flowering big-bracted dogwood), Amelanchier canadensis (eastern shadbush), many viburnums and azaleas suited to Rhode Island.

 

These natives species not only enhance the subtle beauty of a landscape, they provide food and habitat for birds and native insects, including pollinating bees and butterflies.

Why buy plants at the RIWPS sales, rather than at the box store?

Why plant Benthamidia japonica (kousa dogwood), which, according to ecologist Doug Tallamy supports no native insects (and thus feeds no birds), when you could plant a Benthamidia florida (flowering dogwood), and feed 117 species of native insects (and a lot of birds)! Let’s plant for wildlife.

Development — cities, suburbs, highways, strip malls, grazing land, miles of crops, 40 million acres of lawn – have taken over 95 percent of the wilderness that first greeted the Pilgrims. Scientists find a 1 to 1 correspondence between habitat loss and the loss of plant and animal species.

At our sales, choose from plants native to Rhode Island, New England and Eastern North America.

•  Plants are organically grown, from seed or cuttings, by knowledgeable local gardeners, so they are sturdy, disease-free specimens with healthy roots.

• Experts will be available to explain the needs of the plants, and their role in sustaining pollinators and birds.

• Native plants for a variety of conditions – sun, shade, wet, dry – are available, and knowledgeable gardeners can suggest plant combinations and tips on how to grow them successfully.

• Both plant sales include Rhody Native™, plants grown from locally collected seed, which means these specimens are genetically more diverse and better adapted to local conditions than those commercially grown, which are often cloned from a small number of plants.

• A collector’s plant table at the June Sale, including the double forms of Trillium grandiflorum (white trillium) and Sanguinaria canadensis (blood-root) and Cypripedium parviflorum (yellow lady’s slipper) awaits the connoisseurs! But come early; these rare beauties are soon snatched up.

 

 

Preview for the Early Native Plant Sale on May 14

ON APRIL FOOL’S DAY, RIWPS Seed Starter Sandra Thompson writes:

It must be spring!  Look what I woke up to this morning.  Blood-root. With more to come, by the look at all those buds. Ever wonder how this lovely early bloomer, (Sanguinaria canadensis) got its common name?  Its dark red, knobby, underground stems, or rhizomes are filled with an orange-red sap that inspired its Latin name, Sanguinaria which means bloody. Native bees and flies may cross-pollinate blood-root flowers, if it’s warm enough for insects to be flying around, but if it’s too cold out, blood-root has an insurance policy: self-pollination.  What a plant! And you can have one of your own, if you come to RIWPS’s Early Native Plant Sale at the URI Spring Festival at East Farm on Saturday, May 14th.

• Blood-root is native to moist woodlands and floodplains from Nova Scotia to Florida and Texas. A member of the poppy family, its flowers last only a few days, but its rounded notched leaves make a beautiful groundcover, and can be combined with native ginger, trillium, columbine and ferns.

• The Eastern woodland herb was used extensively by Native Americans to treat coughs and croup, to heal sores and ulcers. Its bitter compounds made a powerful emetic. The root juice was also used as a red dye and face paint. Blood-root’s common name in the South – coon root – may have been a corruption of the Indian name, puccoon.

• Blood-root is among many woodland wildflowers with fleshy elaisomes attached to the seeds, which are rich in lipids and proteins. Ants carry these seeds back to their nests, where they eat the nutritious elaisomes and toss the seeds on a waste pile that provides the perfect conditions for germination! It’s one of the many examples in which an insect species is fed by a plant, which in turn spreads a bit farther into the woods.

Go Botany – Sanguinaria canadensis