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THE LIVING LANDSCAPE
On Saturday, June 24th, Sogkonate Garden Club (Little Compton, RI) invites you to their free workshop, The Living Landscape, by nationally acclaimed authors Doug Tallamy and Rick Darke from 9-3 at Wilbur McMahon School.
Rick Darke and Doug Tallamy, nationally recognized experts, will use lecture and photographs to demonstrate how to create landscapes that are not only beautiful but also support local wildlife and biodiversity. Attendees will see how they blend art, ecology and cultural geography in the creation and conservation of livable landscapes. They will also hear how insects and plant interactions support diverse wildlife communities.
Don’t miss this exciting opportunity to see your landscape in a different way.
Spaces are limited. Advance registration is required.
Registration is at sogkonate.org.
Our work …
Congratulations to New England Wild Flower Society as it launches Pollinate New England program which includes building a network of model pollinator gardens throughout New England.
Read their press release which includes a short questionnaire for those interested in getting involved or receiving updates about this project as it progresses.
For the home landscape, what fall gardening practices best enhance ecological diversity? A message brought to you by the Xerces Society. Justin Wheeler, Web & Communications Specialist writes,
It should be welcome news for weary gardeners. You’ve weeded, tilled, and toiled under the hot sun all summer long, and now — it’s time to stop. For many, however, the temptation to pick, pluck, and prune the landscape to make it neat and tidy for the winter is too hard to ignore. This impulse to “clean up our gardens for fall” has serious impacts on a whole host of pollinators and beneficial insects. All it takes is a weekend and some garden tools to wipe out whole populations of insects who have been hard at working hard in your yard all summer too – provisioning their nests and making well-stocked winter homes for the next generation. Read the entire article on Xerces Society Blog
Naturalist and writer Bruce Fellman describes his experience on Saturday, August 4 at a RIWPS walk. Journaling through the heat wave begins …
“Earlier this year, I wrote about what promised to be a splendid, four-part series of walks called Plants and Their Places that was sponsored by the Rhode Island Wild Plant Society, a truly wonderful organization dedicated to the “appreciation, protection, and study of our native plants and habitats.”
In the write-up, trek leader and botanist Doug McGrady proposed introducing flora aficionados to his favorite locales and the green things they supported, with investigations of intriguing areas in North Stonington, Conn.; Arcadia and Scituate in Rhode Island; and, most recently, the superb 2,000 or so acre Tillinghast Pond Management Area in West Greenwich.
“I wanted to attract both experienced botanists and newcomers alike—to help them share what they love and find something new,” said McGrady.
I instantly intended to go on all the walks…” Read the rest of the article at Southern Rhode Island Newspapers.
By Liz Klinkenberg, Providence Journal
Special to The Journal
Posted May 28, 2016 at 12:01 am
Updated May 28, 2016 at 6:10 am
EAST GREENWICH, R.I. — When you pull into Sandra Thompson’s driveway, you can see firsthand how committed she is to promoting wild plants in Rhode Island. The pots, flats and trays line the circular drive, and curl around the walkway to the front door and back around to the garage where they stand five rows deep in front of the gas grill and garage bays.
“We have more than 300 plantings right here,” said Thompson, as she surveyed her East Greenwich yard. “And this is just my house — we have more than a hundred volunteers.”
Thompson is the co-chairwoman of the Rhode Island Wild Plant Society’s annual plant sales, held at the URI East Farm in South Kingstown. While an early-season sale took place this month, the group is busy preparing for its biggest event, which it calls “the Best Native Plant Sale in Rhode Island.”
The sale, scheduled for Saturday, June 4, at 9 a.m., has more than 3,000 shrubs, trees, vines and perennials available — all grown locally and suited to Rhode Island gardens.
“We have an army of volunteers who seed, propagate and rescue native species,” said Thompson, now in her 10th year volunteering with the sale. “In February and March, we begin to dig things up just as the plants start to come alive so we can get them into pots and they can begin to get established.”
Native honeysuckle vines, wild geranium and bloodroot are packed in rows with Christmas, Cinnamon and Ostrich Ferns. Little bluets, or houstonia caerulea, promise a sea of small, blue blooms throughout the entire month of May.
Solomon’s Seal, or polygonatum, a native plant seen on the East Coast from New Brunswick to Florida, produces long, graceful stems with dark green leaves with a series of white bells hanging below.
“Part of our mission is preservation,” said Thompson. “I’ve propagated liatris scariosa variety nova englais, or northern blazing star, because they’re not doing very well here anymore. It is a tall plant with a fuzzy, purple-y, pin cushion on top.”
Thompson said its last known wild area, on Block Island, was wiped out during a storm a few years ago.
“It’s beautiful. You would hate to see it disappear.”
According to Anne Raver, a Rhode Island Wild Plant Society volunteer and avid gardener, that’s an important message to hit home.
“Gardeners can slow the rate of extinction by planting natives in their yards,” said Raver. “It’s not only the plant species that is protected, but the insects and birds that rely on them.”
For Wild Plant Society member Judy Ireland, it’s more about achieving a balance in her sanctuary than keeping to a strict code.
“I’m not a purist,” said Ireland. “But I do love living in the woods.”
Ireland spent many summers in the Maine woods with her father and draws her inspiration from those early memories. She moved to Rhode Island in the ’80s and joined the Wild Plant Society.
“When we first moved here, this yard was a flat lot with a vegetable garden in one corner,” said Ireland, as she looked over her wooded oasis in the middle of a North Kingstown subdivision. “But if you want native, you can create it.”
For a water feature, Ireland gathered large stones from a neighbor and had them placed in a very natural way. “There’s a liner, but you don’t see it. It’s all very heavily planted and we’ve done away with the fine edging and mulch. The end result is very natural looking.”
Ireland’s backyard woodland is a tranquil step into nature. The garden is alive with the sounds of birds, bugs, toads, titmouse, barred owls and chipmunks. “We’ve even had a great egret here,” she said.
The pond is surrounded by marsh marigolds, violets and aster.
“The loveliness of native plants is that they provide beauty across the whole season,” said Ireland. “You start with the tiny ephemerals, anemones and the red, native columbine, and then that leads into the blue bells. When they are at their height, they are a beautiful, dramatic blue cover surrounding the pond. It speaks to me. Everyone has to let a garden speak to them.”
Trained as a landscape architect, Ireland focuses on textures, planting levels and rooms. “Natives work well with exotics,” said Ireland. “Once you start looking, you can see all the textures and surprises.
I like a variety of areas for plants,” she said. “You go from a wild area and then step up into a more refined space. It is still native, but it has a different feel. When you step down into the mowed grass, it can surround you. It is full sun, surrounded by ferns, woodland azaleas that are sweeter smelling and huge Heuchera coral bell called autumn bride — that’s not a native, but in the fall it produces a spike with little flowers that just lights up the whole area.”
A path made of slate and rounds from tree trunks lead the way from the pond to the sunken garden, to the woods and then to a more formal area with a stone bench, mown grass and statuary. The path is lined with jack-in-the-pulpit, foxglove, wild ginger and violets. Ferns unfurl through sweet woodruff. “With the interplay of light, it looks like a painting.”
Find more information about sale, which runs June 4 from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m., rain or shine, and the Wild Plant Society at riwps.org.
By TODD McLEISH/ecoRI News contributor
ecoRI, May 12, 2016
Tysh McGrail describes her 28 acres in North Scituate, R.I., as Yankee swampland with numerous microclimates, a place where a variety of plants native to Rhode Island wetlands grow and thrive. Jack-in-the-pulpit, a long-lived perennial wildflower with a unique hooded shape, grows in abundance, as does the tall, spiked turtlehead, which provides late-season color.
Both species are in great demand among gardeners seeking to landscape with native plants. So every year, McGrail digs up a few dozen, puts them in pots and donates them to the Rhode Island Wild Plant Society’s annual native plant sale. This year’s sale is set for June 4 from 9 a.m.-1 p.m. at the University of Rhode Island’s East Farm in Kingston. About 3,000 plants and shrubs will be available.
“I’m just capitalizing on what is already an ideal environment for these plants and helping out the Wild Plant Society,” said McGrail, a landscape designer whose business, Woodscapes Inc., specializes in finding ways to incorporate native plants into residential landscapes.
One of her personal favorites in her yard is the pagoda dogwood, with branches that extend to the ground and which is difficult to find in nurseries. She said it’s “a handsome architectural understory tree with a lot of uses in small gardens. We had some on the property when we built our house, and they’ve been making beautiful babies.”
She donates many of those babies to the plant sale, too, along with tulip trees and other specimens.
But she’s not the only one. More than 30 Rhode Islanders donate native plants from their gardens to the sale each year, and a similar number grow plants from seed or propagate shrubs to benefit the society.
Dick Fisher, for instance, collects seeds every autumn from the bayberry, winterberry, beach plum and red twig dogwoods in his Little Compton yard to cultivate for the sale. He soaks the seeds in water and cleans them, then stores them in damp peat moss in his refrigerator for the winter before planting them in pots in March. It takes a year or two before they grow tall enough for the sale, so he always has large quantities of shrubs in various stages of growth.
“It’s our avocation; it’s fun; it’s part of what we do,” said Fisher, who expects to donate 75 shrubs to the Wild Plant Society sale this year. “It allows us to garden year-round. We never have to quit.”
According to Sandra Thompson, who co-chairs the plant sale, native plants are increasingly in demand as gardeners recognize the important role they play in the natural environment. Native plants provide food and habitat for a wide range of native birds, insects and other wildlife. Few exotic plants provide similar benefits. News coverage of the decline of bees and other pollinators also has motivated gardeners to plant natives to boost the population of pollinators in the area.
Thompson said trillium and jack-in-the-pulpit are especially big sellers at the sale, as is bloodroot, cardinal flower and New England aster.
Many of the herbaceous flowers that will be sold at the upcoming sale were started from seed by a group of about 20 gardeners, including Thompson and Fisher’s wife, Marty, who call themselves Seed Starters East. Working out of a greenhouse at Plane View Nursery in Portsmouth, they have been busy for several months potting and repotting delicate seedlings of Canada lily, blood-root, trillium, lady’s slipper, lupine and many other varieties.
Thompson said all have been carefully tended into sturdy, disease-free plants for the sale. And because the seeds were gathered locally, they are genetically adapted to thrive in local conditions.
Since many gardeners aren’t used to planting native flowers and shrubs, the Wild Plant Society will have experts available at the June 4 sale to explain the specific needs of each plant.
“Native plants are underused, so to some gardeners they’re almost an exotic,” McGrail said. “It’s great to see that we’re having a revival of the special plants that belong here.”
Rhode Island resident and author Todd McLeish runs a wildlife blog.
Karen Asher, who grew up in the Bronx, never gardened until she and her husband, Ira, bought their first house in Kingston 40 years ago. “I looked out at the yard and said, ‘What am I supposed to do with that?’” she told a group of wild plant lovers gathered at the North Kingstown Library last Saturday.
The completely self-taught gardener then launched into a fascinating talk, with luscious images of dozens of favorite natives in her sprawling woodland garden, which rolls down to the edge of Barbers Pond in West Kingston. (Ira always dreamed of fishing for trout, so the couple moved about 14 years ago, to nine acres along the pond.)
“See the fuzz on this fiddlehead?” asked Karen, a past president of RIWPS, flashing an image of Osmundrastrum cinnamomeum (cinnamon fern) unfurling its first frond. “Hummingbirds make nests out of the fuzz. I’ve watched them carry it off.”
A popular speaker, who also teaches about native plants at URI, Karen was coaching a team Rhode Island Wild Plant Society gardeners who will be selling hundreds of different kinds of native plants, all grown by RIWPS seed starters and propagators on June 4. More than 3,000 plants will be for sale at URI East Farm, from 9 a.m. to 1 p.m. in South Kingston.
“Ask them what kind of garden they have,” she suggested. “Use the common names of the plants and tell something about them. Don’t overwhelm them with the Latin names, which can be alienating to beginners. Like we’re part of a special group and you’re not.” (Amen! Learn the Latin names as you go along, falling in love with the plants.)
Why garden with natives anyway, a newcomer might ask. Karen offered some of the most basic reasons, in her informal conversational style. “If you want butterflies and pollinators and birds in your garden, they – how shall I say this – grew up with these native plants, so they know them, they prefer them to the nonnatives in your garden.”
But please, don’t tell interested gardeners, new to the world of native plants, to rip out their beloved Japanese maples and azaleas. “I’m not a purist. I have plants from all over the world in my garden.” Asian rhododendrons, stewartias, hostas, lilacs and peonies, Korean spicebush viburnum, yellow wax-bells, to name a few – all mixed in with a mind-boggling number of natives, which after all, serve a crucial role.
“The wild places are disappearing,” Karen reminded us. “Shopping malls, houses, parking lots. It’s unfortunate, but kind of inevitable, I’m afraid.”She opened her hands outward, and looked at her audience. “But if we all plant some natives in our gardens, and if our neighbors plant natives, and then we all plant more…” Her arms kept opening wider. “And more and more people plant natives. Then all together, we can make a difference.”And this isn’t exactly some terrible sacrifice.
“I happen to think native plants are very beautiful.” Native plants also lend a regional feel to our landscape. Karen Asher knows she’s in New England, when she walks among her oaks and mountain laurels, partridgeberry and high bush blueberry. “If I see saguaro cactus and mesquite, I know I’m in the Southwest.” And another thing, she says, with a touch of her Bronx humor. “I’m lazy. Why fight with plants that don’t want to live here? I don’t want to fertilize and spray. I want to have plants that want to be here.”
We stared at an image of Lindera benzoin (northern spicebush), whose greenish-yellow flowers are a lovely alternative to forsythia. Plant it beneath an oak tree, Karen counseled, “because it blooms early, before the oaks leaf out.”Spicebush is also a host plant for the spicebush swallowtail butterfly, she said.
Asclepias tuberosa (butterfly milkweed), which thrives in sandy soil and hot sun, and festoons itself with clusters of bright orange flowers, is nearly as endangered as the Monarch butterfly, which lays its eggs on the whorled leaves. The yellow and black striped caterpillars feed on the leaves, which contain compounds toxic to birds. (And over the millennia, the birds have learned to avoid them!)“Then they pupate and turn into butterflies, which are just as toxic to the birds, so they don’t get eaten,” said Karen. It’s such a good defense mechanism, other butterflies, like the viceroy, which is quite palatable to birds, have evolved with the same pattern. “They pretend to be monarchs,” said Karen, hunching her shoulders and looking up at the sky. “Don’t eat me! See? I’m a monarch!” But seriously, “if you only plant one native, plant butterfly weed, the monarchs need our help desperately.”
Geranium maculatum (spotted crane’s-bill), with its lobed leaves and single-petaled bluish-purple flowers, spreads readily in moist, sunny conditions. “The seed actually moves along the ground looking for a moist depression,” said Karen.
Rhododendron prinophyllum (early azalea), also known as the roseshell azalea, is a deciduous species that opens its bright pink, fragrant flowers early in the season. It will propagate itself by dropping its seeds into moss growing on acid soil.
Karen recalled her first days in the garden, when she went to a wild plant lecture by Judy Ireland, a landscape architect and longtime member of RIWPS.“Everything she said made sense to me,” she said. Then, she started to go on the botanical walks that RIWPS offers (RIWPS.org), throughout the seasons, all over the state.“I noticed where things were growing – on a slope, or by the water – and then I’d try to replicate those conditions in my garden.”